There are two common forms of diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes usually occurs in young children unexpectedly when a destruction of the pancreas happens. This is almost always due to the person’s immune system attacking the pancreas cells that make insulin – the islet cells.
Type 2 Diabetes leads to the same complications but is due to the body being resistant to insulin.
Insulin normally opens the “door” that allows glucose to enter our cells. Insulin is like the key. Glucose is our body’s preferred energy source. It’s a bit like unleaded for your car.
Therefore, Type 1 Diabetes nearly always requires insulin, whereas at least to start with, Type 2 Diabetes needs ‘WD40’ for the faulty leak. Eventually the ‘WD40’, the equivalent of our medications, fails to be enough and the body tries to make even more insulin. The pancreas eventually cannot cope, and the production of insulin fails, so insulin may need to be given.
Either way, the best thing to do is to allow entry of glucose when there is an absent or fault key /lock system is to ensure the glucose arrives in single file. The measure of the speed of release of glucose is called the ‘glycemic index’. Glucose itself scores 100 on the glycemic index and all other foods are ranked in comparison. Basmati rice has a glycemic index of 52 and Jasmine rice is around 80. For diabetics, slow release glucose is advantageous as it arrives slowly and can enter with less need for insulin secretion, so smaller injections are required in Type 1 Diabeties and less insulin is released in Type 2 Diabetes.
Insulin is an anabolic hormone (ie it makes you grow-like metabolic steroids and Arnold Schwarzenegger!), so it makes you gain weight.
For diabetes, low GI is worth exploring!